Commemorated on April 21
Jannuarius the Bishop, and with him the Holy Martyrs – Deacons Proculus,
Sossius and Faustus, Desiderius the Reader, Eutychius and Acution accepted
a martyr's death for Christ about the year 305 during the time of the
persecution by the emperor Diocletian (284-305).
They arrested Saint
Jannuarius and led him to trial to Timothy, the governor of Campagna (central
Italy). For his firm confession of Christian faith, they threw the saint into a
red-hot furnace. But like the Babylonian youths, he came out from there unharmed.
Then by order of Timothy they stretched him out on a bench and beat at him with
iron rods so much, that they lay bare the bone.
Among the gathered
crowd were the holy deacon Faustus and the reader Desiderius, who wept at the
sight of the suffering of their bishop. The pagans surmised that they were
Christians, and threw them together into prison with the Priestmartyr
Jannuarius, in the city of Puteolum. At this prison were situated two deacons
locked up earlier for confessing Christ – Saints Sossius and Proculus, and two
laymen – Saints Eutychius and Acution.
On the following
morning they led out all the martyrs into the circus to be torn to pieces by
wild beasts, but the beasts would not touch them. Timothy declared, that all
the miracle occurred from sorcery by the Christians, but with this however he
became blinded and cried out for help. The gentle Priestmartyr Jannuarius made
prayer for his healing, and Timothy recovered his sight. The blindness of soul
however did not depart the torturer and he, with a still greater rage accusing
the Christians of sorcery, gave orders to cut off the heads of the martyrs at
the walls of the city (+ 305).
surrounding cities took up the bodies of the holy martyrs for burial, and those
of each city took along one, so as to have an intercessor before God. The
inhabitants of Neopolis (Naples) took for themselves the body of the
Priestmartyr Jannuarius. Together with the body they gathered up from the earth
his dried blood. When they set the vessel with this blood upon the relics of
the holy martyr, having been put on the church of the city of Neopolis, the
blood liquified and became warm, as though only just shed. Many miracles
proceeded from the relics of the Priestmartyr Jannuarius. During the time of
the eruption of Vesuvius, when the inhabitants of the city prayed to the
Priestmartyr Jannuarius, the lava stopped, not reaching the city. A pious woman
placed an icon with the image of the priestmartyr to her dead son, and he
© 1996-2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos.